Feel free to reuse the below policy after your attorney & medical experts review and adapt to your particular situation.
Example COVID-19 Policy for CXRE, LLC Managers
Adapted from the CDC’s Interim Guidance for Businesses and Employers to Plan and Respond to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Plan, Prepare and Respond to Coronavirus Disease 2019
This information has been updated for December 2020 to reflect changes in CDC policy and upcoming vaccine availability.
The policies of client locations supersede the below policies.
- All employees and contractors must properly wear N95 or KN95 masks when on Company and client property at all times. If this is not possible, employees and contractors should wear cloth face coverings at all times.
- All employees and contractors must maintain social distancing when on Company and client property at all times, both indoors and outside
- All employees and contractors must frequently wash hands or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer after coming in contact with any public surface when on Company and client property at all times.
- Any employee or contractor who has contact with any individuals suspected to have or confirmed positive for COVID-19 shall immediately quarantine at home and contact supervisor and their healthcare professional for further direction. They should not enter Company or client premises until they have been quarantined for at least 10 days, fever-free for at least 24 hours, and received a negative test.
- COVID-19 Vaccine Information
- Preventing a COVID-19 Outbreak in the Workplace
- Reduce Transmission Among Employees
- Maintain Healthy Business Operations
- Implement flexible sick leave and supportive policies and practices.
- Assess your essential functions and the reliance that others and the community have on your services or products.
- Determine how you will operate if absenteeism spikes from increases in sick employees, those who stay home to care for sick family members, and those who must stay home to watch their children if dismissed from childcare programs and K-12 schools.
- Establish policies and practices for social distancing. Social distancing means avoiding large gatherings and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet or 2 meters) from others when possible (e.g., break rooms and cafeterias). Strategies that business could use include:
- Maintain a Healthy Work Environment
- Consider improving the engineering controls using the building ventilation system.
- Support respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene for employees, customers, and worksite visitors:
- Perform routine environmental cleaning and disinfection:
- Perform enhanced cleaning and disinfection after persons suspected/confirmed to have COVID-19 have been in the facility:
- Advise employees before traveling to take additional preparations:
- Take care when attending meetings and gatherings:
This interim guidance is based on what is currently known about the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 is a respiratory illness that can spread easily from person to person. The outbreak first started in China, but the virus continues to spread internationally. We are still seeing unchecked transmission throughout the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to update this guidance as additional information becomes available.
The following interim guidance may help prevent workplace exposures to COVID-19, in non-healthcare settings. (CDC has provided separate guidance for healthcare settings). This guidance also provides planning considerations to prevent and address community spread of COVID-19.
To prevent stigma and discrimination in the workplace, use only the guidance described below to determine the risk of COVID-19 infection. Do not make determinations of risk based on race or country of origin and be sure to maintain confidentiality of people with confirmed coronavirus infection. Though we now have a firm understanding of the virus’s transmissibility, severity, and symptoms, investigations are ongoing. Updates are available on CDC’s web page. Business managers, employees, and contractors should remain updated on current Coronavirus news and policies, especially those specific to their geographic location.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information
As of December 2020, several manufacturers seek emergency use authorization for COVID-19 vaccines. Upon approval, these vaccines will be administered immediately to Americans in several phases.
Some vaccines may be available before the end of 2020. However, the CDC is recommending the first doses go to healthcare workers and those living in nursing homes as they are at the greatest risk from COVID-19.
New batches of the vaccine will roll out in 2021. These doses will be administered based on CDC recommendations, with those most at risk receiving doses first. Those with higher risk factors (people over the age of 65, pre-existing conditions, and exposure to large groups of people) will likely receive the vaccine first.
Those who are not at increased risk – that is, the bulk of the American public – should expect the vaccine to be available by late spring or early summer. The current vaccines require two doses, either three or four weeks apart, depending on the manufacturer. Therefore, we should have widespread immunity by summer. Still, experts say no vaccine is 100% effective, so it’s likely we will still face mask mandates and other health measures for the foreseeable future.
While each state will have different guidelines regarding the COVID vaccine, it’s likely many employers will require or strongly recommend their employees and contractors receive the vaccine. Of course, there are exceptions, and those will have to be addressed on a case-by-case basis.
Preventing a COVID-19 Outbreak in the Workplace
A vaccine is within reach. Until then, however, we continue to see widespread community transmission across the country. Therefore, workplaces must continue to follow protocols to keep their employees and contractors safe from the virus.
Businesses and managers can prevent and slow the spread of COVID-19 in their workplaces and communities. Employers should plan to respond in a flexible way to varying levels of disease transmission in the community and continue to refine their business response plans as needed. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), most American workers will likely experience low or medium exposure risk levels at their job or place of employment (see OSHA guidance for employers for more information about job risk classifications).
Businesses are strongly encouraged to coordinate with state and local health officials so timely and accurate information can guide appropriate responses and preventative measures. Local conditions continue to influence the decisions that public health officials make regarding community-level strategies. has All businesses should follow CDC according to the level of community transmission or impact of COVID-19.
All managers need to consider how best to decrease the spread of COVID-19 and lower the impact in their workplace. This may include activities in one or more of the following areas:
- Reduce transmission among employees
- Maintain healthy business operations
- Maintain a healthy work environment
Reduce Transmission Among Employees
Monitor employees for signs of Coronavirus exposure. This might include health questionnaires, risk assessments, and contact tracing where necessary.
Actively encourage sick employees to stay home:
- Employees who have symptoms (i.e., fever, cough, or shortness of breath) should notify their supervisor and stay home until they are no longer ill.
- Sick employees should follow CDC-recommended steps. Employees should not return to work until the criteria to discontinue home isolation are met, in consultation with healthcare providers and state and local health departments.
- Employees who are well but who have a sick family member at home with COVID-19 should notify their supervisor and follow CDC recommended precautions. Because it is possible for people to spread the virus even if they don’t have symptoms (asymptomatic spread), employees who have known exposure should stay home.
Identify where and how workers might be exposed to COVID-19 at work:
- See OSHA COVID-19 webpage for more information on how to protect workers from potential exposures and guidance for employers including steps to take for jobs according to exposure risk.
- Be aware that some employees may be at higher risk for serious illness, such as older adults and those with chronic medical conditions. Consider minimizing face-to-face contact between these employees or assign work tasks that allow them to maintain a distance of six feet from other workers, customers and visitors, or to telework if possible.
Separate sick employees:
- Employees who appear to have symptoms (i.e., fever, cough, or shortness of breath) upon arrival at work or who become sick during the day should immediately be separated from other employees, customers, and visitors and sent home. These employees should remain home until they no longer represent a risk according to CDC recommendations.
- If an employee is confirmed to have COVID-19 infection, managers should inform fellow employees of their possible exposure to COVID-19 in the workplace but maintain confidentiality as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The employer should instruct fellow employees about how to proceed based on the CDC Public Health Recommendations for Community-Related Exposure.
Educate employees about how they can reduce the spread of COVID-19:
- Employees can take steps to protect themselves at work and at home. Older people and people with serious chronic medical conditions are at higher risk for complications.
- Follow the policies and procedures of your employer-related to illness, cleaning and disinfecting, and work meetings and travel.
- Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care. Learn what to do if you are sick.
- Inform your supervisor if you have a sick family member at home with COVID-19. Learn what to do if someone in your house is sick. Generally, employees who have known exposure to someone with COVID-19 should stay home.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Masks should be worn when employees are indoors or any time people cannot maintain at least six feet of distance. Choose a mask that is effective in preventing the spread of the disease. Masks should cover both the nose and the mouth at all times.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow. Throw used tissues in the trash and immediately wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. Learn more about coughing and sneezing etiquette on the CDC website.
- Clean AND disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces such as workstations, keyboards, telephones, handrails, and doorknobs. Clean dirty surfaces with soap and water prior to disinfection. To disinfect, use products that meet EPA’s criteria for use against SARS-CoV-2 the cause of COVID-19, and are appropriate for the surface.
- Avoid using other employees’ phones, desks, offices, or other work tools and equipment, when possible. If necessary, clean and disinfect them before and after use.
Practice social distancing by avoiding large gatherings and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet or 2 meters) from others when possible. Wear a mask when indoors, or any time you cannot maintain distance from others.
Maintain Healthy Business Operations
Your office should have a workplace coordinator who will be responsible for COVID-19 issues and their impact at the workplace.
Implement flexible sick leave and supportive policies and practices.
- Ensure that sick leave policies are flexible and consistent with public health guidance and that employees are aware of and understand these policies.
- Maintain flexible policies that permit employees to stay home to care for a sick family member or take care of children due to school and childcare closures. Additional flexibilities might include giving advances on future sick leave and allowing employees to donate sick leave to each other.
- Employers that do not currently offer sick leave to some or all of their employees may want to draft non-punitive “emergency sick leave” policies.
- Managers should not require a positive COVID-19 test result or a healthcare provider’s note for employees who are sick to validate their illness, qualify for sick leave, or to return to work. Healthcare provider offices and medical facilities may be extremely busy and not able to provide such documentation in a timely manner.
- Review human resources policies regularly to make sure that policies and practices are consistent with public health recommendations and are consistent with existing state and federal workplace laws (for more information on employer responsibilities, visit the Department of Labor’s and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s websites).
- Connect employees to employee assistance program (EAP) resources (if available) and community resources as needed. Employees may need additional social, behavioral, and other services, for example, to cope with the death of a loved one.
- Allow employees to telework whenever possible to avoid community spread.
- Be prepared to change your business practices if needed to maintain critical operations (e.g., identify alternative suppliers, prioritize existing customers, or temporarily suspend some of your operations if needed).
- Identify alternate supply chains for critical goods and services. Some goods and services may be in higher demand or unavailable.
- Talk with companies that provide your business with contract or temporary employees about the importance of sick employees staying home and encourage them to develop non-punitive leave policies.
- Talk with business partners about your response plans. Share best practices with other businesses in your communities (especially those in your supply chain), chambers of commerce, and associations to improve community response efforts.
- Plan to monitor and respond to absenteeism at the workplace.
- Implement plans to continue your essential business functions in case you experience higher than usual absenteeism.
- Prepare to institute flexible workplace and leave policies.
- Cross-train employees to perform essential functions so the workplace can operate even if key employees are absent.
- Allow teleworking when possible to minimize disruptions to business operations.
- Implementing flexible worksites (e.g., telework)
- Implementing flexible work hours (e.g., staggered shifts)
- Increasing physical space between employees at the worksite
- Increasing physical space between employees and customers (e.g., drive through, partitions)
- Implementing flexible meeting and travel options (e.g., postpone non-essential meetings or events)
- Downsizing operations
- Delivering services remotely (e.g. phone, video, or web)
- Delivering products through curbside pick-up or delivery
Managers with more than one business location are encouraged to provide local managers with the authority to take appropriate actions outlined in their COVID-19 response plan based on local conditions.
Maintain a Healthy Work Environment
Consider improving the engineering controls using the building ventilation system.
While uncommon, there is evidence the virus can spread more rapidly in poorly-ventilated areas. Proper ventilation may include some or all of the following activities:
- Increase ventilation rates.
- Increase the percentage of outdoor air that circulates into the system.
Support respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene for employees, customers, and worksite visitors:
- Require masks when social distancing is not possible.
- Provide tissues and no-touch disposal receptacles.
- Provide soap and water in the workplace. If soap and water are not readily available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol. If hands are visibly dirty, soap and water should be chosen over hand sanitizer. Ensure that adequate supplies are maintained.
- Place hand sanitizers in multiple locations to encourage hand hygiene.
- Place posters that encourage hand hygiene to help stop the spread at the entrance to your workplace and in other workplace areas where they are likely to be seen.
- Discourage handshaking – encourage the use of other non-contact methods of greeting.
- Direct employees to visit the coughing and sneezing etiquette and clean hands webpage for more information.
Perform routine environmental cleaning and disinfection:
- Routinely clean and disinfect all frequently touched surfaces in the workplace, such as workstations, keyboards, telephones, handrails, and doorknobs.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean using a detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
- For disinfection, most common EPA-registered household disinfectants should be effective. A list of products that are EPA-approved for use against the virus that causes COVID-19 is available here
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products (e.g., concentration, application method and contact time, etc.).
- Discourage workers from using other workers’ phones, desks, offices, or other work tools and equipment, when possible. If necessary, clean and disinfect them before and after use.
- Provide disposable wipes so that commonly used surfaces (for example, doorknobs, keyboards, remote controls, desks, other work tools and equipment) can be wiped down by employees before each use. To disinfect, use products that meet EPA’s criteria for use against SARS-Cov-2 the cause of COVID-19, and are appropriate for the surface.
- If a sick employee is suspected or confirmed to have COVID-19, follow the CDC cleaning and disinfection recommendations.
Advise employees before traveling to take additional preparations:
- Check the CDC’s Traveler’s Health Notices for the latest guidance and recommendations for each country to which you will travel. Specific travel information for travelers going to and returning from countries with travel advisories, and information for aircrew, can be found on the CDC website.
- Some locations within the U.S. have restrictions. Some states require mandatory quarantine for interstate travelers. Check the CDC’s Travel Planner website for more information.
- Advise employees to check themselves for symptoms of COVID-19 (i.e., fever, cough, or shortness of breath) before starting travel and notify their supervisor and stay home if they are sick.
- Employees who become sick while traveling or on temporary assignment should promptly call a healthcare provider for advice. They should also contact their supervisor.
- If outside the United States, sick employees should follow company policy for obtaining medical care or contact a healthcare provider or overseas medical assistance company to assist them with finding an appropriate healthcare provider in that country. A U.S. consular officer can help locate healthcare services. However, U.S. embassies, consulates, and military facilities do not have the legal authority, capability, and resources to evacuate or give medicines, vaccines, or medical care to private U.S. citizens overseas.
Take care when attending meetings and gatherings:
- Carefully consider whether travel is necessary.
- Consider using videoconferencing or teleconferencing when possible for work-related meetings and gatherings.
- Consider canceling, adjusting, or postponing large work-related meetings or gatherings that can only occur in-person.
- When videoconferencing or teleconferencing is not possible, hold meetings in open, well-ventilated spaces. All participants should wear a mask to prevent the spread of COVID-19.